A lecture of the narrative and symbolic aspects of the Garden.
01. "L'Entré au Jardin" French print The Gardens of Ermonenville, published Paris 1788
02 BOULOGNE J.C.Lewen engraving of "Plan du Boulingrin avec les Arcades" undated c 1730 28 x 53 cms
A. GEOMETRY AND THE GARDEN
01 geometrical garden design from D.Laris, Le tresor der parterres de l'univers , Geneva 1629
02 Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe, his last major campaign, the Moody Gardens - Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe, providing designs for Classical Rome, Islam, Mughal India and Medieval Europe sections of the Moody Gardens , 1985
B. The Garden as Entertainment
03 from Stephen Switzer's An Introduction to a General System of Hydrostaticks and Hydraulicks, printed by Astley, Austen and Gilliver in 1729. The added element of water in a garden was not merely decorative - it sprang up and soaked the unwary, it operated automata within, say, a grotto. Its general design and management were complex affairs and much treated in dedicated monographs.
to A Trip to Vaux-Hall, or a general satyre on the times by Hercules
Mac-Sturdy, London 1737. The image makes great play of the painter
Francis Hayman's decorated Supper Boxes in this celebrated Pleasure Garden.
AS PARADISE - PARADISE AS GARDEN
01 John Parkinson , Paradisi in sole paradisus terrestris ,London 1629 - this is a famous early book on horticulture and also made celebrated Parkinson's own garden in Long Acre which provided many of the observations and suggestions in the book. He was apothecary to James I and died in 1650.
03 Hanes Fig Leaf briefs , US advertisement dated June 1950 (detail)
Expulsion from the Garden", from Edward Burne-Jones, The
Beginnings of the World, Chiswick Press 1902. The drawings were
originally intended for an edition of a Biblia Innocentium abandoned after
Morris death in 1896. The wilderness outside the garden walls, and the
sense of loss is at the heart of much garden design.
THE FLORILEGUM An Anthology of Flowers
de Bry, Florilegium Renovatum et Auctum, Frankfurt 1641
the panel upper left reads HORTUS A MAGNIFICO ET NOBIL This is the Garden
of Johan Schwinden.
02 Daniel Rabel, Theatrum Florae in quo ex toto orbe selecti mirabiles venustiores as praecepui flores tanquam ab ipsus deae sinu proferuntor, Paris 1622, and one of the great Florilegium . The highly coloured/wrought titlepage is signed by "Guillel mus Theodoruspinxit [painted] 1624".
GARDENS IN BOOKS
titlepage to R.Austin, A Treatise of Fruit Trees, Robinson Oxford 1657.
an illustration from James Gardiner, Rapin of Gardens , a Latin poem in 4 Books, englished by Mr.Gardiner dated c1706.
to John Parkinson, Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris, or a
Garden of All Sorts of Pleasant Flowers , Lownes and Young London
Herbarum Vivae Eicones ad Naturae Imitationem a German
Herbal printed in 1541/2,and the examples, it was emphasised, were drawn
Jos.Blagrave, The Epitome of the Art of Husbandry, London 1685.
J.Worlidge, Systema Agriculture. .. London 1669, with engraving by Van Hove. the result of perfect husbandry...
from an eighteenth century book of landscape views, Amsterdam c1720. a graphic fusing of the geometric and the realistic from A.-J. Dezallier D'Argenville, La Theorie et la Pratique du Jardinage ,Paris, 1713.
from Romeyn de Hooghe's book describing the celebrated gardens of Het Loo , designed on the estates of King William III, published in Amsterdam, 1786.
Sociable avenues at Versailles; Gilles Demortain, from Les Plans, profils, et elevations des villes et chateau de Versailles, Paris, undated [ 1715 and after]
Strange in the Garden
Salomon Kleiner's Representation des Animaux de la menagerie de SAS
Monsieur Le Prince Eugene Francois ...1734.
IN A GARDEN
The gardener rewarded by the presence of mythological entities in the garden, from William Hanbury's, A Complete Body of Planting and Gardening, 1769 - 1773. Hanbury was Rector of Church Langton and started his garden and arboretum as a fund raising endeavour for the Parish. The book despite the mythological overtones, is a practical account of his own experiences, including those as a pioneer of exotic plants and trees imported into the UK. The Goddess of the Fruitful and a gang of putti fresh from the Harvest remind the industrious plantsman of the rich rewards that await.
from Breughel's sequence of prints The Four Seasons here "Spring" tidying and planting in the Garden 22 x 29cms engraving 1570
TIGER BALM GARDEN Singapore
This highly artificial construction was paid for and donated to the people of the City by the manufacturer of TIGER BALM It shows the stuff of myths - and worship -
monsters and gods trees and pathways in a most original narrative...
Tychoe Brahe's House and Gardens at Hven from Johannes Blau Atlas Major Volume II Amsterdam 1667 the layout of house, gardens and observatory served a complex symbolic function.
"The Priapic Garden" from Sebastian Brandt's edition of Virgil , published by Reinhardt de Grunningen in Strasbourg,in 1502. Called by G.Redgrave ( Bibliographia, II 59-60)" one of the most wonderful illustrated books of all time... There is a vigour and directness of purpose in these illustrations , combined with a delightful medievalism, which is in every case most fascinating and which reveals an entirely new motive in the designer's art, namely, to tell the whole of the story." This is from the edition with 100 specially commissioned woodcuts.
M.Bettini, Apiaria universae philosophiae mathematicaea... Bolgna,1642,an astonishing compilation of intriguing and entertaining mathematical propositions, and including a section of machines of perpetual motion. The volume is beautifully and copiously illustrated with over 500 engravings. The titlepage provides a fantastic garden in which stand geometrical propositions. J.H.Esq., Dodona's Grove, London 1640, titlepage
1. The Draftsman's Contract , directed by Peter Greenaway; the contract to draw the house and lands.
7. Dame Elizabeth Crowe talks about her pioneering work adapting tree planting to the contours of the landscape for the Forestry Commission.
9. Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe, the doyen of British garden designers (1900- ); his first professional commission at Ditchley Park . terrace and formal gardens.Design on a grand scale.
BOOKLIST FOR BEGINNERS
Ronald Paulson, Emblem and Expression, Meaning in English Art of the Nineteenth Century , Thames & Hudson London 1975.See particularly The Poetic Garden.
GARDENS The general plan of site.
1. Primeval forest, wild animals and Eden.
2. Classical Rome; Islam; Mughal India; Medieval Europe.
3.The Italian sixteenth century and the French seventeenth century.
4. The English nineteenth century.
5. The English Eighteenth Century, Capability Brown.
6. The English Eighteenth Century, Capability Brown.
7. European eighteenth century, with partof China.
8. The eighteenth century; the classical, the Romantic.
9. Russian Chinoiserie, E W divide, part of japan.
10. The approach to China.
11. China, garden and landscape of Buddha.
12. China, gardens of the Dragon Temple.
13. China the landscape of Buddha.
14. The primeval forest with part of Japan.
For the Moody Gardens see Jane Brown above. The Moody Gardens, Galveston Texas was planned June 1985, and is informed by Susan and Geoffrey Jellicoe's book The Landscape of Man (1975) .